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Ancient Greek AccentuationSynchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory$
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Philomen Probert

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199279609

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279609.001.0001

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Words with Suffix ‐λο‐

Words with Suffix ‐λο‐

(p.209) 9 Words with Suffix ‐λο‐
Ancient Greek Accentuation

Philomen Probert (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the formation of words with -lo-, comparative evidence for their accentuation, and descriptive accounts of their accentuation in Greek. Both adjectives and nouns are accented inconsistently, and may be accented not only on the final syllable or recessively but in the intermediate position (‘intermediate accentuation’). A new descriptive account shows that recessive accentuation is attested for words of most synchronic terminations, but intermediate and final accentuation are almost in complementary distribution. Ultimately as a result of Wheeler’s law, intermediate accentuation is confined to words with synchronic -ilo- and -ulo- (plus megáloi ‘big’, with an isolated history). Recessive words with -ilo-/-ulo- are usually nouns denoting inanimate objects. Other nouns with -lo- display a strong relationship between accentuation and frequency, but differently from nouns with -ro-, -to-, and -no-.

Keywords:   adjectives, nouns, intermediate accentuation, -ilo-, -ulo-, Wheeler’s law, megáloi, frequency

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