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Ancient Greek AccentuationSynchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory$
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Philomen Probert

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199279609

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279609.001.0001

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Words with Suffix ‐μο‐

Words with Suffix ‐μο‐

(p.238) 11 Words with Suffix ‐μο‐
Ancient Greek Accentuation

Philomen Probert (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the formation of words with -mo-, comparative evidence for their accentuation, and descriptive accounts of their accentuation in Greek. -mo- did not productively form primary adjectives in Greek, but the few survivals of this inherited type (e.g., thermós ‘hot’) are finally accented. On the other hand, Greek has many recessive adjectives with the secondary suffixes -imo- and -umo-. Most Greek nouns with -mo- are finally accented, but some are recessive. Analysis of the nouns shows that recessive accentuation is favoured in words that have become atypical of -mo- nouns as a whole: words with a relatively rare synchronic termination, or not retaining the abstract meaning usually associated with -mo-, or no longer transparently derived from a base word.

Keywords:   -imo-, -umo-, recessive accentuation

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