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Word Meaning and SyntaxApproaches to the Interface$
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Stephen Wechsler

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199279883

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279883.001.0001

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Argument mapping approaches

Argument mapping approaches

(p.187) 5 Argument mapping approaches
Word Meaning and Syntax

Stephen Wechsler

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes formal theories and frameworks for capturing the mapping from word meaning to syntactic structure. First, lexical approaches are presented. The development of Lexical-Functional Grammar approaches are described, from early LFG valence-changing rules to the later Lexical Mapping Theory, as well as proposals for a syntacticized argument structure motivated by the phenomenon of syntactic ergativity. Next, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar is detailed. Sign-Based Construction Grammar, a recent variant of HPSG, is compared. Following the lexical approaches is a look at construction grammar approaches, including both phrasal approaches and lexical mapping with argument structure constructions. The third class of theories involves positing abstract light verbs in the syntax that are responsible for assigning semantic roles.

Keywords:   Lexical-Functional Grammar, Lexical Mapping Theory, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Sign-Based Construction Grammar, construction grammar, abstract light verbs

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