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The Russian Empire 1450-1801$
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Nancy Shields Kollmann

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199280513

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280513.001.0001

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Eighteenth-Century Expansion

Eighteenth-Century Expansion

Siberia and Steppe

(p.84) 4 Eighteenth-Century Expansion
The Russian Empire 1450-1801

Nancy Shields Kollmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the Russian empire’s expansion east and south into Siberia and the steppe in the eighteenth century. Regarding the conquest of Siberia, it explores the role of Cossacks, the violence of the conquest and continued treatment of native peoples, and the in-migration of East Slavs. It surveys Russian in-migration and increasing control over the native peoples of the Middle Volga and Bashkiria, focusing on the punitive Orenburg expeditions and the creation of the Orenburg Muslim Spiritual Assembly as an institution for Moscow to interact with and control its Muslim subjects. The chapter details the gradual destruction of autonomies of previous “imperial intermediaries” from the mid-eighteenth century, with the political absorption, reform, or even destruction of such groups as the Ukrainian, Zaporozhian, Don, and Ural Cossacks.

Keywords:   Siberia, Steppe, Islam, Don Cossacks, partitions of Poland, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Caucasus, mining, Bashkiria, Middle Volga

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