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The Kingdom of the Hittites$
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Trevor Bryce

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199281329

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281329.001.0001

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Territories and Early Rivals of Hatti

Territories and Early Rivals of Hatti

(p.41) 3 Territories and Early Rivals of Hatti
The Kingdom of the Hittites


Oxford University Press

At the height of its power in the 14th and 13th centuries, the Hittite kingdom incorporated large areas of Anatolia and northern Syria, from the Aegean seacoast in the west to the Euphrates river in the east. The core territory of Hatti lay in the northern half of central Anatolia, within the curve of the river called Marassantiya. One of the important reasons for Hittite territorial expansion was to provide some measure of protection against foreign aggression, by establishing what amounted to buffer zones between the core territory of the kingdom and the countries or states which posed a direct threat to it. These buffer zones played a crucial role in the defence of the homeland. Beyond the homeland and its peripheral territories, the Hittite kingdom incorporated at the height of its power a large number of vassal states extending over much of Anatolia and northern Syria. This chapter also examines the viceregal kingdoms of the Hittites as well as their early rivals from the Near East.

Keywords:   Hittites, Anatolia, Hatti, Near East, territories, buffer zones, vassal states, Syria, viceregal kingdoms

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