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The Kingdom of the Hittites$
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Trevor Bryce

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199281329

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281329.001.0001

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A New Era Begins: From Tudhaliya I/II to Tudhaliya III (c.1400–1350)

A New Era Begins: From Tudhaliya I/II to Tudhaliya III (c.1400–1350)

(p.121) 6 A New Era Begins: From Tudhaliya I/II to Tudhaliya III (c.1400–1350)
The Kingdom of the Hittites


Oxford University Press

The assassination of Muwattalli was the final episode in the history of the period known as the Hittite Old Kingdom. The reign of his successor, Tudhaliya, marked what was effectively the beginning of a new era in Hittite history. It was an era in which the Hittites embarked once more on a series of military campaigns far from their homeland in both Syria and western Anatolia — enterprises which brought them into direct conflict with other Late Bronze Age kingdoms and led ultimately to the establishment of a Hittite ‘empire’. This second period of Hittite history is called the ‘New Kingdom’. This chapter focuses on the issue of royal succession of the early New Kingdom rulers. The exploits of Madduwatta are also discussed, along with Hittite policy towards the west, the treaty between Tudhaliya and the Kizzuwadnan king Sunashshura, the reign of Arnuwanda, and the alliance between Mitanni and Egypt.

Keywords:   Hittites, Tudhaliya, military campaigns, royal succession, Syria, Anatolia, Madduwatta, Arnuwanda, treaty, Egypt

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