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The Kingdom of the Hittites$
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Trevor Bryce

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199281329

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281329.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2022

The Showdown with Egypt: The Reign of Muwattalli II (c.1295–1272)

The Showdown with Egypt: The Reign of Muwattalli II (c.1295–1272)

Chapter:
(p.221) 9 The Showdown with Egypt: The Reign of Muwattalli II (c.1295–1272)
Source:
The Kingdom of the Hittites
Author(s):

TREVOR BRYCE

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281329.003.09

On his death, Mursili left to his son and successor, Muwattalli, a relatively stable Hittite kingdom. But further to the south a major new threat was building in the form of Egypt. Tensions between Hatti and Egypt had persisted and were now to take a turn for the worse. After four years on the throne, Tutankhamun's successor Ay died, and was replaced by Horemheb whose reign paved the way for the beginning of the nineteenth Dynasty and culminated in a war with the Hittites. This chapter discusses the reign of Muwattalli II as king of the Hittites, his repopulation programmes in the north, his conflict with Piyamaradu, the rise of Egypt's nineteenth dynasty, Muwattalli's transfer of the seat of Hittite power from Hattusa to a city called Tarhuntassa, Egypt's preparations for a military showdown with Muwattalli in Syria, the Battle of Kadesh (1274) between Hatti and Egypt, the trial of Muwattalli's stepmother Danuhepa, and Muwattalli's legacy as Hittite king.

Keywords:   Hittites, Muwattalli II, Hatti, Egypt, Syria, Battle of Kadesh, Danuhepa, repopulation, Piyamaradu, war

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