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The Kingdom of the Hittites$
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Trevor Bryce

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199281329

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281329.001.0001

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The Trojan War: Myth or Reality?

The Trojan War: Myth or Reality?

(p.357) 14 The Trojan War: Myth or Reality?
The Kingdom of the Hittites


Oxford University Press

The citadel with which the name Troy is associated lies in the north-west corner of Anatolia in the region called the Troad, so named by Graeco-Roman writers who believed that the whole area was controlled by Troy. For almost 3,000 years, the story of the Trojan War pitting the Trojans against the Greeks has provided one of the western world's richest sources of inspiration in the realms of art and literature. However, the question remains: did the Trojan War really happen? This chapter considers possible Anatolian sources on Troy including Hittite texts, the discovery of a bronze seal bearing a brief inscription in Luwian hieroglyphs during excavations in 1995, Troy's role in Anatolian Affairs, Troy VIh as the more likely candidate for Homeric Troy, and the making of Homer's epic Iliad.

Keywords:   Troy, Trojan War, Homer, epic, Iliad, Anatolia, bronze seal, hieroglyphs, Greeks, Hittite texts

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