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Democracy and ExpertiseReorienting Policy Inquiry$
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Frank Fischer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199282838

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.001.0001

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Citizens and Experts in Deliberative Democracy: From Theory to Experimentation

Citizens and Experts in Deliberative Democracy: From Theory to Experimentation

(p.77) 3 Citizens and Experts in Deliberative Democracy: From Theory to Experimentation
Democracy and Expertise

Frank Fischer (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines deliberative democratic theory and various deliberative experiments that can inform it. It illustrates how these efforts pose questions of expertise and complexity that have yet to be adequately taken into account. Deliberative democratic theory, largely abstract and impractical, has mainly neglected — if not ignored — these problems and their implications. At the same time, a parallel body of experimental research is shown to have usefully worked out practical deliberative designs. While these contributions generally recognize the need for expertise, they too have failed to move beyond the standard understandings of expertise which has long hindered citizen participation. Emphasizing the expert-citizen relationship, the discussion points to the need to bring both of these theoretical and practical pursuits together in a more fruitful interaction.

Keywords:   deliberative democracy, moral reason, deliberative experiments, citizen jury, complexity, expertise, common good, citizen-expert relations

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