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Content, Cognition, and CommunicationPhilosophical Papers II$
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Nathan Salmon

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199284726

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.001.0001

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Reflexivity (1986) *

Reflexivity (1986) *

(p.32) 2 Reflexivity (1986)*
Content, Cognition, and Communication

Nathan Salmon (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates three related philosophical puzzles: (1) the Richard-Soames problem: If someone believes that Hesperus outweighs Phosphorus, why does he/she not infer that there is something x such that x outweighs x; (2) the puzzle of reflexives in attitude attributions: If someone believes that Hesperus outweighs Phosphorus, why does he/she not also believe that Hesperus outweighs itself; and (3) Church's paradoxical proof that for every x and y, if someone believes that x and y are distinct, then they are. Solutions compatible with Millianism are proposed.

Keywords:   attitude, Church, lambda, pronoun, Millianism, Hesperus, Phosphorus, Richard-Soames problem

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