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Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Leonid Zhmud


In ancient tradition, Pythagoras (c.570–c.495 bc) emerges as a wise teacher, an outstanding mathematician, an influential politician, and as a religious and ethical reformer. Arguably the most influential thinker among the Presocratics, he was thought to have possessed supernatural qualities. This combination of characteristics has led to his portrayal as a controversial and elusive figure. In contrast, his early Pythagorean followers, such as the doctors Democedes and Alcmaeon, the Olympic victors Milon and Iccus, the botanist Menestor, the natural philosopher Hippon, and the mathematicians H ... More

Keywords: Pythagoras, Presocratics, Pythagorean followers, Democedes, Alcmaeon, Milon, Iccus, Menestor, Hippon, Hippasus

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199289318
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Leonid Zhmud, author
Leading Academic Researcher, Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Russian Academy of the Sciences, St. Petersburg