The social security plan of 1945 owed much to the past experiences of its main architect. Pierre Laroque, a member of the Conseil d’État and director general of social insurance, elaborated his proposals in the aftermath of the Liberation. While his plan was conceived in response to the perceived inefficiencies of the social insurance system which had been introduced in the thirties but also reflected the concerns which had defined his work as a legal scholar and advocate of the corporate management of industrial relations. The existing academic literature has not examined this background, and most studies of the French welfare state focus exclusively on its institutional components without properly considering the ideological context in which its policies were developed.
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