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Pierre Laroque and the Welfare State in Post-war France$
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Eric Jabbari

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199289639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289639.001.0001

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The Failure of Universalism The Failure of Universalism (1946–1948)

The Failure of Universalism The Failure of Universalism (1946–1948)

(p.132) 6 The Failure of Universalism (1946–1948)
Pierre Laroque and the Welfare State in Post-war France

Eric Jabbari

Oxford University Press

By the end of 1946, the reformist momentum which found its origin in the aftermath of the Liberation abruptly came to an end, as the attempt to extend old age insurance to the entire population resulted in the outbreak of widespread protests by various socioeconomic groups. The latter objected to the solidaristic principles and redistributionist objectives of French social security, and their concerns would eventually be met by the creations of an old age insurance system which was divided along occupational lines. The failure was due to the revival of social tensions in a climate of persistent economic difficulties, but it also demonstrated that the social security plan had been marked by utopian ambitions which could only frustrated by the harsh social and economic realities of postwar France.

Keywords:   Pierre Laroque, social security, Old Age Insurance, universalisation, social protest, France

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