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Creative EloquenceThe Construction of Reality in Cicero's Speeches$
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Ingo Gildenhard

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199291557

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291557.001.0001

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Mental States

Mental States

(p.99) 4 Mental States
Creative Eloquence

Ingo Gildenhard

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores how Cicero figures ‘mental states’, with a special emphasis on the notion of conscientia (‘conscience’), which he employs throughout his career as orator, as well as in his philosophical writings, not least to validate his belief in a just universe. Related aspects that receive discussion are his rhetoric of madness (furor), which functions as both diagnosis and punishment of the wicked; his assertion of the self‐sufficiency of virtus, which renders the just immune from any collapse in the social economy of excellence and its recognition; and his (often counterfactual) ethics of happiness.

Keywords:   conscience, conscientia, ethics, furor, happiness, justice, madness, mental states, virtus

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