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Animal AthletesAn Ecological and Evolutionary Approach$
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Duncan J. Irschick and Timothy E. Higham

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199296545

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296545.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 March 2021

The ecology of performance III

The ecology of performance III

Physiological ecology

(p.67) 4 The ecology of performance III
Animal Athletes

Duncan J. Irschick

Timothy E. Higham

Oxford University Press

Animals often must cope with extreme environmental conditions, such as low temperatures or deep water depths, among others. Consequently, animals have evolved a wide range of physiological specializations that enable them not only to tolerate such conditions but to thrive in them. This chapter focuses on the evolution of several types of physiological specialization, including aerobic and anaerobic metabolism, as well as thermoregulation, in order to understand how animals have evolved ways of performing at high levels in suboptimal conditions. In addition, this chapter discusses many different organisms, including mammals, ectotherms, and other animals, in the context of their physiological specializations.

Keywords:   ectotherm, temperature, aerobic, anaerobic, mammal

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