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Animal AthletesAn Ecological and Evolutionary Approach$
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Duncan J. Irschick and Timothy E. Higham

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199296545

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296545.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 March 2021

The evolution of performance I

The evolution of performance I

Mechanism and anatomy

Chapter:
(p.91) 5 The evolution of performance I
Source:
Animal Athletes
Author(s):

Duncan J. Irschick

Timothy E. Higham

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296545.003.0005

One of the common assumptions is that function arises from variation in form and that therefore much of the performance capacities observed among animals today have evolved in step with underlying modifications in bones, muscles, and soft tissues such as tendons. Further, animals display remarkable anatomical “tricks” to display high levels of performance with structures that seem ill-suited for the activity in question. This chapter discusses the evolution of animal performance in the context of the evolution of anatomy and other mechanistic aspects. Much of the chapter focuses on vertebrates, as a substantial amount of work has been completed on their anatomical specializations.

Keywords:   anatomy, structure, muscle, tendon, form, vertebrate

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