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Animal AthletesAn Ecological and Evolutionary Approach$
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Duncan J. Irschick and Timothy E. Higham

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199296545

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296545.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 March 2021

The evolution of performance II

The evolution of performance II

Convergence, key innovations, and adaptation

Chapter:
(p.117) 6 The evolution of performance II
Source:
Animal Athletes
Author(s):

Duncan J. Irschick

Timothy E. Higham

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296545.003.0006

Animals display a remarkable array of phenotypes and functional abilities. These include notable specializations in running, jumping, climbing, feeding, and other traits. How these animals have evolved such specializations is often due to the occupation of distinctive habitats. For example, the evolution of toepads in geckos and other arboreal lizards has allowed these lizards to access a wide range of arboreal habitats and thus may have enabled them to diversify. This chapter discusses the evolution of animal performance traits in the context of ideas such as convergence, key innovations, and adaptation, especially in relation to the occupation of novel habitats.

Keywords:   adaptation, evolution, convergence, key innovation, feeding

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