This chapter discusses the parity or space inversion transformation and the corresponding symmetry. Its formal implementation in quantum theory is reviewed in some detail, also as a template for the discussion of other discrete symmetries in the following chapters. The intrinsic parity of elementary particles is introduced, and some examples of how it can be determined are discussed. The experimental consequences of parity symmetry for elementary particle processes are considered, several experimental tests are illustrated and explained. A selection of further reading and exercises are given at the end of the chapter.
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