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The Changing Languages of Europe$
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Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297337

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 June 2021

Europe as a Linguistic Area

Europe as a Linguistic Area

(p.1) 1 Europe as a Linguistic Area
The Changing Languages of Europe

Bernd Heine

Tania Kuteva (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Over the last decades, work on areal relationship among the languages of Europe has been a field of intensive research. This work has been dominated by questions such as the following: Do the European languages constitute a linguistic area or Sprachbund? Is it possible to define a region in Europe that is most central in terms of linguistic properties? Are there any ‘Euroversals’, that is, linguistic properties that are characteristic for European languages but are uncommon elsewhere in the world? In this chapter, a new approach to the study contact-induced transfer from one language to another is proposed. Rather than viewing areal relationship as a product, it is described as a process induced by language contact. Rather than describing Europe as a linguistic area, the model proposed concerns the forces that led, and are leading to areal relationship in Europe.

Keywords:   contact-induced transfer, Euroversal, isopleth, linguistic area, Sprachbund, Standard Average European

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