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The Grammar of Names$
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John M. Anderson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.001.0001

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The syntax of names

The syntax of names

(p.239) 8 The syntax of names
The Grammar of Names

John M. Anderson

Oxford University Press

This chapter elaborates the categorial structures associated with the functions of names. It is only as an argument that they have the syntax of a determinative, expressed either inherently (English) or analytically (Greek). The act of nomination bestows a fixed reference on a name; it makes it active, identificatory, and thus definite; the syntactic role in nominations of the up-'till-then inactive name is appositional. By deixis, rather than fixed reference, other definites can also be identificatory of particular entities. Vocatives are active names converted into performative predicators. The name itself is unspecified as to word-class; it is the basic entity-word, opposed to relational words. Other word classes introduce notional categories elaborating on this basic distinction: nouns denote classes of entities, not entities, and the presence of a determiner enables reference to particulars, possibly identifiable; verbs denote types of possibly polyvalent predicational relations, not a simple relation, which is associated with functors.

Keywords:   category of names, nomination, active name, identification, deixis, definiteness, vocatives as performative, basic entity class, word-class

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