Increasing attention has been directed towards survivorship issues for individuals diagnosed with cancer. Preliminary research has shown that appropriately prescribed exercise training programs are associated with low complication rates and numerous beneficial effects. On the basis of current evidence, the American Cancer Society recommends that cancer survivors participate in regular physical activity. This chapter provides an overview of exercise as an intervention in the rehabilitation of cancer patients and cancer survivors and includes recommendations for exercise programming based on research evidence and clinical experience. First, it provides definitions and benefits of physical activity and exercise, and then discusses common side effects from cancer treatment that may require consideration prior to exercise testing and programming. It also considers exercise prescription options for the post-cancer treatment rehabilitation phase, including cardiorespiratory exercise training, resistance exercise training, and flexibility training. Finally, precautions and contraindications to exercise are discussed.
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