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Typological Change in Chinese Syntax$
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Dan Xu

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297566.001.0001

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Causative Structures in Old Chinese

Causative Structures in Old Chinese

(p.112) 3 Causative Structures in Old Chinese
Typological Change in Chinese Syntax


Oxford University Press

This chapter examines different causatives (phonological and morphological, lexical and syntactic). It also shows how other causatives lost their place while the syntactic causative remained and developed. In Contemporary Chinese, a few traces of phonological and morphological causatives remain. However, some verbs whose tone indicates the causative use are difficult to identify because one character was often split into two with a semantic part added to the original one to identify the ordinary one from the causative. The grammaticalization of the verb shi is quite the same with that of other grammaticalized words. The Chinese language fully utilized the serial verb construction V1NP1V2(NP2) in which verbs had the chance to be grammaticalized into different markers.

Keywords:   causative structures, Old Chinese, phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, Contemporary Chinese, grammaticalization, serial verb construction

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