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Slaves of the Passions$
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Mark Schroeder

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199299508

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001

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Reduction of the Normative

Reduction of the Normative

(p.61) 4 Reduction of the Normative
Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapters 2 and 3 were looking at Hypotheticalims from a negative point of view, saying how Hypotheticalism does not conceive of the explanation of Ronnie's reason by his desire. This chapter advances Hypotheticalism's positive view on this score. The relationship between reduction and constitutive explanations is motivated, and used to advocate the conception of reduction as property analysis. The claim that properties have structure is defended and made sense of, and used to show why reductions can underwrite constitutive explanations and are useful hypotheses for the sake of explaining metaphysical impossibilities, such as those required by supervenience theses. A very general source of worry about the possibility of reductive normative realism is diagnosed, a general account of the nature of normativity is advanced, and an agenda is set for what it would take to defend a reductive view about the normative.

Keywords:   constitutive explanations, property analysis, metaphysical impossibilities, supervenience, normativity

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