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The Law of the SeaProgress and Prospects$
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David Freestone, Richard Barnes, and David Ong

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199299614

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299614.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2021

The World Court and Peaceful Settlement of Oceans Disputes

The World Court and Peaceful Settlement of Oceans Disputes

(p.433) 22 The World Court and Peaceful Settlement of Oceans Disputes
The Law of the Sea

Barbara Kwiatkowska

Oxford University Press

For more than 80 years, the World Court — the Permanent Court of International Justice and its successor, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) — has contributed to the development of the law of the sea as a part of general international law and as a part of the global system of peace and security. The World Court has also been able to contribute to the parallel and complementary development of international environmental law, linking the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea regime to the concept of sustainable development articulated in the instruments which emanated from the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Apart from many cases actually settled and pending before the World Court, arbitral tribunals, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, and other third-party fora, states often rely on the prospects of bringing their oceans disputes to the ICJ. Conceptually, this practice of dispute settlement forms a part of the Court's preventive diplomacy role.

Keywords:   World Court, Court of Justice, oceans disputes, dispute settlement, environmental law, United Nations Convention, arbitral tribunals, International Tribunal, preventive diplomacy, sustainable development

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