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Referential MechanicsDirect Reference and the Foundations of Semantics$
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Joseph Almog

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199314379

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314379.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 September 2021

Direct Reference by Singular Proposition

Direct Reference by Singular Proposition

(p.35) Chapter 2 Direct Reference by Singular Proposition
Referential Mechanics

Joseph Almog

Oxford University Press

David Kaplan's notion of direct reference is analyzed. His apparatus of singular proposition and its relation to the intensional logics of Frege and Russell are sorted out. There follows a discussion of Kaplan's account of indexicals and demonstratives, as well as his theory of cognitive states. Various puzzles of cognition are introduced and dissected. The theory of empty names and what they “express” is dissected.

Keywords:   Kaplan, Frege, Russell, indexical, singular proposition, empty name, cognitive puzzle

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