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Referential MechanicsDirect Reference and the Foundations of Semantics$
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Joseph Almog

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199314379

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314379.001.0001

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Direct Reference by Referential Uses

Direct Reference by Referential Uses

(p.61) Chapter 3 Direct Reference by Referential Uses
Referential Mechanics

Joseph Almog

Oxford University Press

Keith Donnellan's notion of “referential use” is explained. This involves analysis of his account of names, definite descriptions, and demonstratives. His methodology is contrasted with Kripke's, who champions a critique of Donnellan's work as belonging to “paragmatics.” It is explained why referential uses are for Donnellan the key to semantic reference; and it is observed that the notion of “having an object in mind” is key to Donnellan's account and that the standard analysis in terms of an inside-out “intention” is misguided. Rather, a perception-like outside-in information-processing account of incoming signals from objects is developed. Donnellan's account is extended to compound phrases and its cognitive psychology orientation is examined.

Keywords:   Donnellan, Kripke, semantics, pragmatics, descriptions, have in mind, referential use

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