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Referential Mechanics – Direct Reference and the Foundations of Semantics - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Referential Mechanics: Direct Reference and the Foundations of Semantics

Joseph Almog


The essay is focused on understanding a key new idea in modern semantics—direct reference—and its integration in a general semantics for natural language. In the first three chapters, three different foundational analyses, reflecting the three respective originators—Saul Kripke, David Kaplan, and Keith Donnellan—are dissected in detail. The differences between their ideas lead to different consequences in the philosophy of mind, the metaphysics of necessity, and the epistemological idea of a priori knowledge. In the last, foundational chapter, two central puzzles said to threaten direct refere ... More

Keywords: reference, Kripke, Kaplan, Donnellan, Frege puzzle, logical form, semantics, model theory

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780199314379
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314379.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Joseph Almog, author