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Weighing Reasons$
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Errol Lord and Barry Maguire

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199315192

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315192.001.0001

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Conditions, Modifiers, and Holism

Conditions, Modifiers, and Holism

Chapter:
(p.27) 2 Conditions, Modifiers, and Holism
Source:
Weighing Reasons
Author(s):

Ralf Bader

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315192.003.0002

This chapter provides a framework for understanding two ways in which reasons can vary across contexts, namely through the effects of (1) conditions which take the form of enablers and disablers, as well as (2) modifiers which take the form of intensifiers and attenuators. The chapter establishes that the distinction between those features of the context that condition or modify a reason and those that constitute the reason is metaphysically robust and can be drawn in a non-arbitrary and non-pragmatic manner, and that the former features cannot be included in the specification of the reason. Moreover, it will be shown that intrinsicality as well as restricted forms of non-trivial separability can be preserved, thereby establishing that the additive theory of weighing reasons can be rendered consistent with these forms of context-dependence.

Keywords:   holism, enablers, disablers, intensifiers, attenuators, separability, additivity, intrinsicality

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