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Poets and Prophets of the ResistanceIntellectuals and the Origins of El Salvador's Civil War$
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Joaquín M. Chávez

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199315512

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315512.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Dreaming of Reform

Dreaming of Reform

(p.21) 1 Dreaming of Reform
Poets and Prophets of the Resistance

Joaquín M. Chávez

Oxford University Press

The chapter analyzes the protest movement that emerged at the University of El Salvador against President José María Lemus at the time of the ousting of Venezuelan dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez in January 1958 and the Cuban Revolution of January 1959. US State Department officials and diplomats assigned to San Salvador and representatives of U.S. labor unions played major roles in promoting anti-communist activities and repression against the growing opposition movement to Lemus. A crackdown against the university community ordered by Lemus in September 1960 with the purported objective of containing Cuban-sponsored subversion generated widespread protests in San Salvador. Overall, the chapter examines the early stages of the insurgent and counterinsurgent politics that characterized El Salvador in the subsequent three decades.

Keywords:   US anti-communism, US foreign policy, University of El Salvador, repression, Cold War in Latin America, Cuban Revolution, Communist Party of El Salvador, university intellectuals, neocolonialism

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