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Poets and Prophets of the ResistanceIntellectuals and the Origins of El Salvador's Civil War$
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Joaquín M. Chávez

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199315512

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315512.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

University Apostles

University Apostles

(p.49) 2 University Apostles
Poets and Prophets of the Resistance

Joaquín M. Chávez

Oxford University Press

The chapter explores the trajectory of the Salvadoran University Catholic Action, a conservative student organization in the 1950s that became the cradle of the New Left insurgency in the late 1960s. It shows how Catholic intellectuals’ assimilation of the new theology of the Catholic Church, formulated by the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965) and the Second Conference of Latin American Bishops (CELAM) held in 1968, led them to adopt innovative approaches to religion and politics that constituted a rupture with a long-standing Catholic conservative tradition. The chapter also studies the pedagogical activities conducted by Catholic university intellectuals among urban and rural communities during the 1960s. It also examines the roles that Catholic Action activists played in student politics in the context of a major reform at the University of El Salvador and their efforts to create insurgent movements in the early 1970s.

Keywords:   Catholic Action, student movements, University of El Salvador, university reform, Second Vatican Council, revolutionary pedagogy, guerrilla movements, just war doctrine, countercultural movements, Global Sixties

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