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The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War$
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Marko Attila Hoare

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199327850

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327850.001.0001

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Bosnian assembly and Yugoslav federation

Bosnian assembly and Yugoslav federation

c. October 1943–April 1944

(p.155) 4 Bosnian assembly and Yugoslav federation
The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War

Marko Attila Hoare

Oxford University Press

The autumn of 1943 and the capitulation of Italy saw a great growth in Partisan power. At the ground level, the pace of Communist state-building proceeded according to the strength of the Partisan movement. The great influx of Muslims and, to a lesser extent, Croats into the Bosnian Partisans in this period added a new dynamic to the process: the confidence of the Bosnian NOP leadership was tremendously boosted, but it also had to satisfy the national aspirations of its new constituents. Meanwhile, the capitulation of Italy and the increasingly close proximity of Western Allied troops prompted Tito to accelerate the founding of a new Yugoslav state. The Bosnian and Yugoslav state-building impulses therefore converged. Bosnia-Hercegovina, as the seat of the Yugoslav Partisan movement and the second-largest contributor of Partisan manpower among the Yugoslav lands, finally received a status equal to that of the other members of the embryonic Yugoslav federation. The convening of the First Session of ZAVNOBiH, establishing a Bosnian assembly, and the Second Session of AVNOJ, establishing a new Yugoslav state, set the seal on this process and paved the way for the foundation of a Bosnian state.

Keywords:   Bosnia Muslims, Croats, Yugoslav federation, Italy, Allied

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