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The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War$
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Marko Attila Hoare

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199327850

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327850.001.0001

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Bosnian statehood and Partisan diversity

Bosnian statehood and Partisan diversity

c. November 1943–April 1945

(p.197) 5 Bosnian statehood and Partisan diversity
The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War

Marko Attila Hoare

Oxford University Press

The year 1944 represented, in a sense, the high-point of the autonomous Bosnian Partisan movement, before the Soviet liberation of Serbia, the Supreme Staff’s triumphal entry into Belgrade, and the gradual reestablishment of a unified Yugoslav state marked the end of the autonomous armed revolutions of the individual Yugoslav lands and their subsuming within a centralised political order. In July of that year, ZAVNOBiH formally constituted itself as the highest state body in Bosnia-Hercegovina, thereby establishing a Bosnian state - something that had not existed since the fall of medieval Bosnia to the Ottomans in 1463. This act was carried out on the basis of a rapidly expanding NOP base, as the Partisans, weathering the storms of the Sixth and Seventh Enemy Offensives, continued to expand. The expansion was, of course, a necessary part of the NOP’s transformation from a revolutionary movement into the holder of power across the entire country. Yet it meant an expansion to incorporate territories and populations that were increasingly diverse and far from universally friendly to the NOP. The success therefore brought with it new problems for the Communists.

Keywords:   Bosnia-Hercegovina, Serbia, Ottomans, Yugoslav, Partisans, Belgrade

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