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The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War$
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Marko Attila Hoare

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199327850

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327850.001.0001

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Bosnia and the Muslims after liberation

Bosnia and the Muslims after liberation

c. April 1945–September 1950

(p.331) 8 Bosnia and the Muslims after liberation
The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War

Marko Attila Hoare

Oxford University Press

The NOP triumphed in Bosnia because it expanded beyond its loyal, Communist-dominated Partisan base to become a heterogeneous mass movement reflective of all sections of the Bosnian population that were opposed to the Ustasha and Nazi order. This meant, firstly, that the NOP encompassed part of the Muslim autonomist resistance, as well as the resistance of dissident Croat elements, and secondly, that it took in sections of the Serb population that remained pro-Chetnik until the end of the war and beyond. The strategy was very successful, yet the spectacular nature of the Partisan military victory concealed the shaky foundations of the new Bosnian order, whose governments at the republican and lower levels were like so many fortresses in a largely hostile territory whose population had been conquered as much as liberated. With the common Axis and fascist enemy defeated, the bond linking the Communists with their collaborators among the non-Communist supporters of the NOP was removed, and the political struggle began among the former partners for the determining of the post-war order. Consequently, after a short period of relative freedom and tolerance in Bosnian domestic politics following liberation, the increasingly embattled Communists moved to consolidate an outright dictatorship.

Keywords:   Bosnia, Chetniks, Communists, Serb, Order, Strategy, Nazi

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