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Interdisciplinarity$
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John Aldrich

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199331345

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331345.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 July 2021

The Second Half of the Twentieth Century

The Second Half of the Twentieth Century

From Foundations to Federal Funds

Chapter:
(p.87) 6 The Second Half of the Twentieth Century
Source:
Interdisciplinarity
Author(s):

John H. Aldrich

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331345.003.0006

The latter half of the twentieth century brought both change and continuity to the interdisciplinary story. One continuity was the private foundation. Indeed, there was an expansion in the number of such foundations engaged in this enterprise, and hence an expansion in the set of problems fitting within the “social problem” category. The national government, however, played and increasing, and then soon thereafter, the predominate role in the external support of interdisciplinary social science in higher education. The coming of the Cold War made the “national project” a focal point, realized in the creation of area studies, especially through Title IV of the NDEA, and of security studies. At the same time, the centrality of the federal government, and especially the National Science Foundation, also made the “science project,” that is, the development of an increasingly rigorous science in the social and behavioral sciences, a goal of the external funder.

Keywords:   national project, areas studies, security studies, policy studies, NSF, NDEA, Title VI, science project

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