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Wars of PlunderConflicts, Profits and the Politics of Resources$
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Philippe Le Billon

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199333462

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333462.001.0001

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(p.85) 4 Diamonds
Wars of Plunder

Philippe Le Billon

Oxford University Press

Diamonds have captivated the attention of conflict analysts, media outlets, and the broader public for funding rebel movements in Angola and Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This chapter first interrogates the idea of a “diamond curse” and then investigate the risk of conflicts and forms of violence associated with diamond exploitation. Noting that diamonds have been frequently dubbed a “rebel’s best friend”, it then highlights the political and tactical ambivalence of opportunities presented by diamond exploitation for rebellions, as well as efforts by non-government organizations such as Global Witness to set up the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme to prevent the laundering of “blood diamonds”.

Keywords:   diamonds, blood diamonds, De Beers, Global Witness, Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, Angola, Sierra Leone

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