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Resisting GenocideThe Multiple Forms of Rescue$
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Jacques Semelin, Claire Andrieu, and Sarah Gensburger

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199333493

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.001.0001

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“Guide And Motivator” or “Central Treasury”? The “Joint” in France, 1942–19441

“Guide And Motivator” or “Central Treasury”? The “Joint” in France, 1942–19441

(p.293) 18 “Guide And Motivator” or “Central Treasury”? The “Joint” in France, 1942–19441
Resisting Genocide

Laura Hobson Faure

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores how the territorial level of administration influenced the rescue of Jews in France during World War II. More specifically, it examines how the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC, also known as the ‘Joint’), a philanthropic organisation founded in 1914 to improve the welfare of Jews outside the United States, responded to the challenges of saving lives while maintaining political neutrality during the Shoah. It shows that the Joint's executive board in the United States wanted to remain within the confines of legality, whereas its agents at the grassroots level, especially in the person of Jules Jefroykin in France, used Joint funds to hide Jewish children and finance the Jewish resistance.

Keywords:   rescue, Jews, France, World War II, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, United States, political neutrality, Shoah, Jules Jefroykin, funds

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