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Resisting GenocideThe Multiple Forms of Rescue$
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Jacques Semelin, Claire Andrieu, and Sarah Gensburger

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199333493

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.001.0001

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Surviving Undetected

Surviving Undetected


(p.465) 28 Surviving Undetected
Resisting Genocide

Mark Roseman

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the history of the Bund, a socialist reform group that saved several Jews from death in the German city of Essen during World War II. Established in Essen in 1924 by Artur Jacobs and graduates of his adult education classes, the Bund adopted a dual program of campaigning for a better society and experimenting with new ways of living, or ‘life reform’. The Bund was more of a circle of friends than a formal organisation, and a large number of its members came through the youth movement. This chapter considers what motivated the Bund to rescue the Jews in Essen, the sources of its courage and cohesion, and how it escaped detection by the Nazis. It argues that Jacobs and the Bund are classic examples of how certain kinds of group structures and ideological assumptions could turn quite ordinary individuals into rescuers.

Keywords:   rescue, Bund, Jews, Essen, World War II, Artur Jacobs, life reform, Nazis, rescuers

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