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Resisting GenocideThe Multiple Forms of Rescue$
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Jacques Semelin, Claire Andrieu, and Sarah Gensburger

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199333493

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.001.0001

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Anti-Semitism and the Rescue of Jews in France

Anti-Semitism and the Rescue of Jews in France


(p.83) 5 Anti-Semitism and the Rescue of Jews in France
Resisting Genocide

Renée Poznanski

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the link between anti-Semitism and the rescue of Jews in the Occupied Zone of France during World War II. Focusing on the treatment of the ‘Jewish problem’ by the French Resistance between 1940 and 1944, it shows that there is no automatic correspondence between rescuing Jews and philo-Semitism. More generally, it argues in favour of shifting the interpretive framework of rescue acts from the ‘humanitarian’ register to a more ‘political’ one in order to restore the Jews the status of actors. Furthermore, the chapter contends that the history of the rescue of the Jews must also take into account their history as victims and as resistance fighters, together with the history of French society as a whole.

Keywords:   anti-Semitism, rescue, Jews, France, World War II, Jewish problem, French Resistance, philo-Semitism, victims, resistance fighters

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