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Pioneers and PartisansAn Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia$
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Anika Walke

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199335534

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199335534.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

The End of Childhood

The End of Childhood

Young Soviet Jews in the Minsk Ghetto

(p.67) 3 The End of Childhood
Pioneers and Partisans

Anika Walke

Oxford University Press

The chapter focuses on the implications of living through occupation and genocide in Minsk, emphasizing individual and collective strategies of youth trapped in a ghetto of up to 55,000 people. Following several female and male adolescents, the chapter demonstrates that multinational relationships of Jews with former classmates, neighbors, or strangers, especially in response to the precarious situation of orphaned teenagers in a context of ongoing violence, were essential for people’s survival. Especially for orphans who were trapped in the ghetto of Minsk, struggling to find food, dealing with constant humiliation and violence, and coming to terms with previously unsuspected antisemitism and anti-Jewish attitudes among neighbors and strangers, the support networks organized by party members, union activists, or individual helpers, as well as strong bonds among ghetto inmates, proved crucial.

Keywords:   Holocaust, ghettos, Soviet Union/Belorussia, ghildren and the Holocaust, Gender and the Holocaust, survival, Jewish resistance

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