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Becoming OttomansSephardi Jews and Imperial Citizenship in the Modern Era$
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Julia Phillips Cohen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199340408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199340408.001.0001

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Battling Neighbors

Battling Neighbors

Imperial Allegiance and Politicized Violence

(p.74) 3 Battling Neighbors
Becoming Ottomans

Julia Phillips Cohen

Oxford University Press

As their patriotic project matured, Jewish communal elites came to realize the potentially unsettling consequences that patriotism could entail. Chapter 3 examines this process by exploring Ottoman Jews’ responses to two moments of heightened tension and politicized violence—the massacres of Armenians in Istanbul in 1896 and the Greco-Ottoman War of 1897. It argues that Jewish elites’ strategies of self-representation during this period attest to their ability and willingness to work within a framework of politicized Islam. Because they did so precisely as the relationship between the Sublime Porte and its Armenian and Greek Orthodox citizens grew increasingly strained, however, new rifts developed between Ottoman Jews and their Christian neighbors, some of which would prove long-lasting.

Keywords:   Armenian massacres of 1896, Greco-Ottoman War of 1897, politicized violence, Islam, Hamidian Era, civic Ottomanism, Istanbul, Salonica, Izmir, Jews

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