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Homa VariationsThe Study of Ritual Change across the Longue Durée$
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Richard K. Payne and Michael Witzel

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199351572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351572.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

Fire on the Mountain

Fire on the Mountain

The Shugendō Saitō Goma

(p.337) Fire on the Mountain
Homa Variations
Richard K. Payne
Oxford University Press

The Shugendō tradition of practicing austerities in the mountains of Japan has long included a homa (Jpn. goma, 護 摩‎). While most East Asian homa are performed inside temples, the Shugendō Saitō goma described in this chapter is performed out of doors. During the Tokugawa era, the Shugendō tradition had been mandated to affiliate with the esoteric Buddhist tradition, and as a consequence the homa and many other aspects of esoteric Buddhism, such as structuring mountain retreats according to the system of ten worlds, became part of the tradition. The chapter explores adapting Erik Zürcher’s fourfold typology of borrowing, developed for his studies of Daoism, to the study of ritual borrowing in Japan.

Keywords:   Shugendō, Saitō Goma, Japan, esoteric Buddhism, ten worlds, typology of borrowing

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