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Climate Change and SocietySociological Perspectives$
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Riley E. Dunlap and Robert J. Brulle

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199356102

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199356102.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2020

Organizations and Markets

Organizations and Markets

(p.61) 3 Organizations and Markets
Climate Change and Society

Charles Perrow

Simone Pulver

Oxford University Press

Market organizations are responsible for most carbon pollution, through direct emission of greenhouse gases or indirect encouragement of behaviors resulting in these emissions. Though organizational efforts to reduce emissions have been somewhat successful in promoting resource efficiency and positive public relations, they have had a negligible effect on environmental performance. Efforts to change such institutions have faced resistance. Organizations leverage structural, instrumental, and discursive power to maintain the status quo. The organizational influence of the fossil fuel and electric utility industries on market environments is most apparent in the liberal market economy of the United States, although it is also apparent in Europe. In the large emerging economies, development goals are given priority over emissions reductions. Market environments across the United States, Europe, and the emerging countries all foster increasing emissions and fail to incentivize rapid deployment of mitigation technologies.

Keywords:   market organizations, mitigation, fossil fuel industries, electric utility industries, market economy

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