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After Digital – Computation as Done by Brains and Machines - Oxford Scholarship Online
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After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

James A. Anderson


We are surrounded by digital computers. They do many things well that humans do not and have transformed our lives. But all computers are not the same. Although digital computers dominate today’s world, alternative ways to “compute” might be better and more efficient than digital computation when mechanically performing those tasks, important to humans, that we think of as “cognition.” Cognition, after all, was originally developed to work with our own specific biological hardware. Digital computers require elaborate detailed instructions to work; they are flexible but not simple. Analog compu ... More

Keywords: artificial intelligence, cognitive science, cerebral cortex, digital computers, analog computers, brain models

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780199357789
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

James A. Anderson, author
Professor of Cognitive, Linguistic and Psychological Sciences, Brown University