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On Hinduism$

Wendy Doniger

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199360079

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.001.0001

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On Hinduism
Oxford University Press

Under the name of Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty:

1. ‘The Post- Vedic History of the Soma Plant’, in Robert Gordon Wasson, Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality, New York: Harcourt Brace, 1968, 95- 147.

2. ‘Asceticism and Sexuality in the Mythology of Siva.’ Parts 1- 2. History of Religions 8, no. 4 (May 1969), 300- 337; 9, no. 1 (August 1969), 1- 41.

3. ‘The Symbolism of the Third Eye of Siva in the Puranas.’ Purana Bulletin 11, no. 2 (July 1969), 273- 284.

4. ‘In Defense of Sir John Marshall.’ South Asian Review (The Journal of the Royal Society for India, Pakistan and Ceylon; London) 3, no. 1 (October 1969), 75- 81. Reprint, Journal of Tamil Studies 2, no. 1 (May 1970), 277- 287.

5. ‘The Symbolism of Ashes in the Mythology of Siva.’ Purana Bulletin 13, no. 1 (January 1971), 26- 35.

6. ‘The Origin of Heresy in Hindu Mythology.’ History of Religions 10, no. 4 (May 1971), 271- 333.

7. ‘A New Approach to Sanskrit Translation, with an Application to Kalidasa’s Kumarasambhava, Canto VIII.’ Mahfil: A Quarterly of South Asian Literature (Asian Studies Center, Michigan State University) 7, no. 3- 4 (Fall- Winter 1971), 129- 141.

8. ‘The Submarine Mare in the Mythology of Siva.’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1971.1), 9- 27.

9. Review of Two Plays of Ancient India: The Little Clay Cart, The Minister’s Seal, translated from the Sanskrit and Prakrit, with an introduction by J.A.B. van Buitenen (1968) and Review of Sanskrit Poetry from Vidyakara’ s Treasury, translated by Daniel H.H. Ingalls (1968). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1971.1), 78- 84.

10. ‘Disregarded Scholars: A Survey of Russian Indology.’ South Asian Review 5, no. 4 (July 1972), 289- 304; follow- up in South Asian Review 6, no. 3 (April 1973): 224- 226.

11. ‘In Praise of the Nineteenth- century Hindoo Mythologists.’ South Asian Review 6, no. 4 (July 1973), 332- 335.

12. ‘Hinduism’ , in Peoples of the Earth, vol. 12, edited by Christoph von Fuerer- Haimendorf, 20- 26. New York: Tom Stacey and Grolier, 1974.

13. ‘Bhagavad Gita’ , ‘Bhagavata Purana’ , ‘Bhakti’ , ‘Dharmasastra’ , ‘Mahabharata’ , ‘Nalopakhyana’ , ‘Purana’ , ‘Sastra’ , ‘Smrti’ , in Dictionary of Oriental Literature, vol. 2, South- and Southeast Asia, edited by D. Zbavitel. London: George Allen and Unwin for Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 1974.

14. ‘The Hindu Symbolism of Cows, Bulls, Stallions and Mares.’ Art and Archaeology Research Papers (London) 8 (December 1975), 1- 7.

15. ‘Contributions to an Equine Lexicology, with Special Reference to Frogs.’ Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (1978), 475- 78.

(p.583) 16. Review article on the Mahabharata translation by J.A.B. van Buitenen. Religious Studies Review 4, no. 1 (January 1978), 19- 28.

17. ‘Mediation in the Sant Tradition.’ In Sikh Studies: Comparative Perspectives on a Changing Tradition, edited by Mark Juergensmeyer and N. Gerald Barrier, 87- 89. Berkeley: Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley Religious Studies Series, 1978.

18. ‘Sacred Cows and Profane Mares in Indian Mythology.’ History of Religions 19, no. 1 (August 1979), 1- 26.

19. ‘Death as a Dancer in Hindu Mythology.’ In Sanskrit and Indian Studies: Festschrift in Honor of Daniel H. H. Ingalls, edited by Masatoshi Nagatomi, 201- 216. Dordrecht: R. Reidel, 1979.

20. ‘induism’ , in The Encyclopedia of Ancient Civilizations, edited by Arthur Cotterell, 192- 196. New York: Mayflower Books, 1980.

21. ‘Hinduism’ , in Mythology: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, edited by Richard Cavendish, 14- 33. London: Orbis, 1980.

22. ‘Inside and Outside the Mouth of God: The Boundary between Myth and Reality.’ Daedalus (Spring 1980), 93- 125.

23. ‘Dionysos and Siva: Parallel Patterns in Two Pairs of Myths.’ History of Religions 20, no. 1 (August 1980), 81- 111.

24. ‘Puranic Encyclopedias .’ South Asia Library Notes and Queries 9 (March 1980), 2- 3.

25. ‘The Indo- European Mare and the King.’ Slavica Hierosolymitana, Slavic Studies of the Hebrew University V- VI (1981), 23- 33.

26. ‘Illusion and Reality in the Yogavasistha.’ The Sir George Birdwood Memorial Lecture, London, 20 May 1980. Reprint, Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 5294, no. 129 (January 1981), 104- 123.

27. ‘The Mythological in Disguise: An Analysis of “Karz”.’ India International Centre Quarterly 8, no. 1 (January 1981), 23- 29. Reprint, Debonair (Bombay), January 1982, 30- 34.

28. ‘Manifestations of Siva.’ Connaissance des Arts (May 1981), 72- 79; French version, ‘Manifestations de Siva,’ Connaissance des Arts (Paris), no. 351 (May 1981), 80- 87.

29. ‘Illusion and Reality in the Yogavasistha, or The Scientific Proof of Mythical Experience.’ Quadrant: Journal of the C.G. Jung Foundation for Analytical Psychology (Spring 1981), 46- 65.

30. ‘Kailasa’ , ‘Linga’ , ‘Nataraja’ , ‘Pasupati’ , ‘Siva’ and ‘Yoni’ , in Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, edited by Keith Crim, Roger A. Bullard, and Larry Shinn. Nashville: Abingdon, 1981.

31. ‘The Shifting Balance of Power in the Marriage of Siva and Parvati.’ In The Divine Consort, edited by John S. Hawley and Donna Wulff, 129- 143, notes 342- 343. Berkeley: Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley Religious Studies Series, 1982. [Reprinted by Beacon Press, Boston, 1987].

32. ‘The Dream Narrative and the Indian Doctrine of Illusion.’ Daedalus (Summer 1982), 93- 113.

33. ‘Epilogue’ to ‘The Last Meal of the Buddha’ by R. Gordon Wasson. The Journal of the American Oriental Society 102, no. 4 (October- December 1982), 603.

34. ‘The Image of the Heretic in the Gupta Puranas’ , in Essays on Gupta Culture, edited by Bardwell L. Smith, 107- 127. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1983.

35. ‘Die Wolkenstadt im Himmel’ , in Sehnsucht nach dem Ursprung, zu Mircea Eliade, edited by Hans Peter Duerr, 406- 421. Frankfurt: Syndikat, 1983.

36. ‘Emotion und Karma: Uberlegungen zu Max Webers Interpretation der indischen Theodizee’ , in Max Webers Studie uber Hinduismus und Buddhismus, edited by Wolfgang Schluchter, 87- 103. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1984.

37. ‘Siva Erect and Supine’ , in Discourses on Siva: Proceedings of a Symposium on the Nature of Religious Imagery, edited and with an introduction by Michael W. Meister, 289- 297. (p.584) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; Bombay: Vakils, Feffer and Simons, 1984.

38. ‘Ethical and Non- Ethical Implications of the Separation of Heaven and Earth in Indian Mythology’ , in Cosmogony and Ethical Order: New Studies in Comparative Ethics, edited by Frank Reynolds and Robin Lovin, 177- 199. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

39. ‘The Role of Myth in the Indian Life Cycle’ , in Aditi: The Living Arts of India (Washington, DC: The Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985), 184- 201.

40. ‘The Case of the Stallion’ s Wife: Indra and Vrsanasva in the Rg Veda and the Brahmanas.’ Journal of the American Oriental Society 105, no. 3 (Special issue dedicated to Daniel H.H. Ingalls, 1985), 485- 498.

41. Foreword to Ganesa: Lord of Obstacles, Lord of Beginnings, by Paul Courtright, vii- viii. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

42. Articles on Hinduism and sub- topics (Arya Samaj, atman, avatar, Bhagavad Gita, bhakti, Dayananda Saraswati, dharma, karma, mantra, Ramakrishna, shakti, tantra and Thugs) for the Funk and Wagnalls Encyclopedia. 1986 edition.

43. ‘Horses and Snakes in the Adi Parvan of the Mahabharata.’ In Aspects of India: Essays in Honor of Edward Cameron Dimock, Jr., edited by Margaret Case and N. Gerald Barrier, 16- 44 and 172- 173. New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies and Manohar, 1986.

44. ‘On Translating Sanskrit Myths’ , in The Translator’ s Art: Essays in Honour of Betty Radice, edited by William Radice and Barbara Reynolds, 121- 128. Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics, 1987.

45. ‘The Interaction of Saguna and Nirguna Images of Deity’ , in The Sants: Studies in a Devotional Tradition of India, edited by Karine Schomer and W.H. McLeod, 47- 52. Berkeley: Berkeley Religious Studies Series; Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1987.

46. Articles in the Encyclopedia of Religion, edited by Mircea Eliade. New York: Macmillan, 1987, s.v.; ‘Androgynes’ (with Mircea Eliade), vol. 1, 276- 281; ‘Brahma’ , vol. 2, 293- 294; ‘Indian Religions: Mythic Themes’ , vol. 7, 182- 190; ‘Indra’ , vol. 7, 214- 215; ‘Pralaya’ , vol. 11, 483; ‘Vrtra’ , vol. 15, 308- 309.

47. ‘Impermanence and Eternity in Indian Art and Myth’ , in Contemporary Indian Tradition: Voices on Culture, Nature, and the Challenge of Change, edited by Carla M. Borden, 77- 90. Washington, D.C. and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1988.

Under the name of Wendy Doniger

48. (with Brian K. Smith), ‘Sacrifice and Substitution: Ritual Mystification and Mythical Demystification.’ Numen 36, no. 2 (December 1989): 190- 223.

49. Foreword to The Place of the Hidden Moon: Erotic Mysticism in the Vaisnava- Sahajiya Cult of Bengal, by Edward C. Dimock, Jr., ix- xiv. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

50. ‘The Tail of the Indo- European Horse Sacrifices.’ Incognita 1, no. 1 (1990): 18- 37.

51. Foreword to The Ritual of Battle: Krishna in the Mahabharata, by Alf Hiltebeitel, 13- 21. SUNY Series in Hinduism. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990.

52. ‘Il cavallo nella storia e nella mitologia indiana.’ Abstracta 5, no. 51 (September 1990), 14- 17, translated by Giovanni Maria Del Re.

53. ‘Why Should a Priest Tell You Whom to Marry?: A Deconstruction of the Laws of Manu.’ Stated Meeting Report presented at the 210th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 9 May 1990. Reprint, Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 44, no. 6 (March 1991), 18- 31.

54. ‘Fluid and Fixed Texts in India,’ in Boundaries of the Text: Epic Performances in South and Southeast Asia, edited by Joyce Burkhalter Flueckiger and Laurie J. Sears, 31-41. (p.585) University of Michigan Papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 35. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1991.

55. ‘Hinduism by Any Other Name.’ Wilson Quarterly (July 1991): 35- 41.

56. ‘Pluralism and Intolerance in Hinduism,’ in Radical Pluralism and Truth: David Tracy and the Hermeneutics of Religion, edited by Werner G. Jeanrond and Jennifer L. Rike, 215- 233. New York: Crossroads, 1991.

57. ‘Between the Seen and the Unseen: The Ambiguity of Death in Hinduism’ , in Death: The Secret of Life, Proceedings of a Cross Cultural Symposium. 99- 109. New York: Cauldron Productions, 1992.

58. ‘When God has Lipstick on His Collar: Theological Implications of Divine Adultery.’ Kathryn Fraser Mackay Memorial Lecture Series, St. Lawrence University, 23 September 1991. Reprint, Ogdensburg, NY: Ryan Press.

59. ‘The Deconstruction of Vedic Horselore in Indian Folklore’ , in Ritual, State and History in South Asia: Essays in Honor of J.C. Heesterman, edited by A.W. van den Hoek, D.H.A. Kolff and M.S. Oort, 76- 101. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1992.

60. ‘Rationalizing the Irrational Other: Orientalism and the Laws of Manu.’ New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 23, no. 1 (Versions of Otherness, Winter 1992), 25- 43.

61. ‘Echoes of the Mahabharata: Why is a Parrot the Narrator of the Bhagavata Purana and the Devibhagavata Purana?’ , in Purana Perennis, edited by Wendy Doniger, 31- 57 and notes 259- 262. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

62. ‘The Scrapbook of Undeserved Salvation: The Kedara Khanda of the Skanda Purana’ , in Purana Perennis, edited by Wendy Doniger, 59- 83 and notes 262- 265. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

63. ‘When a Lingam is Just a Good Cigar: Psychoanalysis and Hindu Sexual Fantasies’ , in The Psychoanalytic Study of Society: Essays in Honor of Alan Dundes, edited by L. Bryce Boyer et al., 81- 104. Hillside, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1993.

64. ‘Rationality and Authority in The Laws of Manu’ , in The Notion of ‘Religion’ in Comparative Research. Selected Proceedings of the 16th Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions, edited by Ugo Bianchi, 43- 53 Rome: Dipartimento di Studi Storico Religiosi, 1993.

65. ‘Reincarnation in Hinduism.’ Concilium: International Review of Theology 249, edited by J.B. Metz and H. Haring. (May 1993): 3- 15. Also in French, Dutch, German, Spanish, and Italian: ‘La Reincarnation dans l’ hindouism,’ translated by Andre Divault, 13- 26; ‘Reincarnatie in het hindoeisme’ , translated by L. Meuwissen, 10- 22; ‘Reinkarnation im Hinduismus’ , translated by Andrea Kett, 380- 388; ‘La reencarnacion en el hinduismo’ , translated by Pedro Rodriguez Santidrian, 15- 29 (783- 797); and ‘La reincarnazione nell ‘induismo’ , translated by Maria Sbaffi Girardet, 16- 31 (760- 775).

66. ‘Masquerading Mothers and False Fathers in Ancient Indian Mythology.’ Gonda Lecture, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 29 October 1993.

67. Foreword to Somadeva: Tales From the Kathasaritsagara, translated from the Sanskrit with an introduction by Arshia Sattar, xliii- xlvi. New Delhi: Penguin Books India, 1994.

68. Preface to Authority, Anxiety, and Canon: Essays in Vedic Interpretation, edited by Laurie L. Patton, vii- viii. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.

69. ‘The Love and Hate of Hinduism in the Work of Jewish Scholars’ , in Between Jerusalem and Benares: Comparative Studies in Judaism and Hinduism, edited by Hananya Goodman, 15- 22, notes 280- 281. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.

70. ‘Hindu Pluralism and Hindu Intolerance of the Other’ , in Concepts of the Other in Near Eastern Religions. Israel Oriental Studies vol. XIV, ed. Ilai Alon, Ithamar Gruenwald, and Itamar Singer. Leiden and New York: E.J. Brill, 1994, 369- 90.

71. ‘Begetting on Margin: Adultery and Surrogate Pseudomarriage in Hinduism’ , in From the (p.586) Margins of Hindu Marriage: Essays on Gender, Religion, and Culture, edited by Lindsey Harlan and Paul B. Courtright, 160- 183. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

72. ‘The Criteria of Identity in a Telugu Myth of Sexual Masquerade’ , in Syllables of Sky: Studies in South Indian Civilization, In Honour of Velcheru Narayana Rao, edited by David Shulman, 103- 132. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995.

73. ‘Foreword to Kali’ s Child: The Mystical and the Erotic in the Life and Teachings of Ramakrishna, by Jeffrey J. Kripal, xi- xii. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1995.

74. Foreword to The Divine and the Demonic: Mahisa’ s Heroic Struggle with Durga, by Carmel Berkson, v- vii. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995.

75. ‘Desire and Illusion: Two Stories from Ancient India.’ Parabola: The Magazine of Myth and Tradition 20, no. 4 (Winter 1995): 20- 33.

76. ‘Sexual Masquerades in Hindu Myths: Aspects of the Transmission of Knowledge in Ancient India’ , in The Transmission of Knowledge in South Asia: Essays on Education, Religion, History, and Politics, SOAS Studies on South Asia, edited by Nigel Crook, 28- 48. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996.

77. ‘Saranyu/Samjna: The Sun and the Shadow’ , in Devi: Goddesses of India, edited by John Stratton Hawley and Donna M. Wulff, 154- 172. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996.

78. ‘Tolstoi’ s Revenge: The Violence of Indian Non- Violence’ , in Genocide, War, and Human Survival, edited by Charles B. Strozier and Michael Flynn, 219- 227. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 1996.

79. ‘Western Dreams about Eastern Dreams’ , in Among All These Dreamers: Essays on Dreaming and Modern Society, edited by Kelly Bulkeley, 169- 176. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.

80. ‘Enigmas of Sexual Masquerade in Hindu Myths and Tales’ , in Untying the Knot: On Riddles and Other Enigmatic Modes, edited by Galit Hasan- Rokem and David Shulman, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. 208- 223.

81. ‘Three (or More) Forms of the Three (or More)- Fold Path in Hinduism’ , in Madness, Melancholy, and the Limits of the Self, edited by Andrew D. Weiner and Leonard V. Kaplan. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Law School, 1996, 201- 212.

82. Articles under ‘Hinduism’ in the New Encyclopaedia Britannica (Macropaedia), 15th ed., vol. 20 (1997); articles first published, 1990 printing. ‘Hinduism: General Nature and Characteristic Features’ , 519- 521; ‘The History of Hinduism’ (with A.L. Basham and J.A.B. van Buitenen), 521- 529; ‘Sacred Texts’ (with J.A.B. van Buitenen, Edward C. Dimock, A.L. Basham, and Brian K. Smith), 529- 549; ‘Cultural Expressions: Visual Arts, Theatre, and Dance’ , 554- 555 (with A.L. Basham and J.A.B. van Buitenen); ‘Bibliography’ , 557- 558 (with Brian K. Smith).

83. ‘When a Kiss is Still a Kiss: Memories of the Mind and the Body in Ancient India and Hollywood.’ The Kenyon Review 19, no. 1 (Winter 1997): 118- 126.

84. ‘Medical and Mythical Constructions of the Body in Hindu Texts’ , in Religion and the Body, edited by Sarah Coakley, 167- 184. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

85. ‘The Sanskrit Maverick.’ Radcliffe Quarterly 83, no. 2 (Summer 1997): 15.

86. ‘Sita and Helen, Ahalya and Alcmena: A Comparative Study.’ History of Religions 37, no. 1 (August 1997): 21- 49.

87. ‘Myths of Transsexual Masquerades in Ancient India’ , in India and Beyond: Aspects of Literature, Meaning, Ritual, and Thought. Essays in Honour of Frits Staal. Ed. Dick van der Meij. London and New York [Kegan Paul] and Leiden and Amsterdam [International Institute for Asian Studies], 1997; pp. 128- 147.

88. ‘Jewels of Rejection and Recognition in Ancient India.’ Journal of Indian Philosophy 26 (1998), 435- 53.

(p.587) 89. ‘The Dreams and Dramas of a Jealous Hindu Queen: Vasavadatta’ , in Dream Cultures: Explorations in the Comparative History of Dreaming (ed. Guy Stroumsa and David Shulman. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999). 74- 84.

90. ‘Eating Karma, in Classical South Asian Texts.’ Social Research 66: 1 (Spring, 1999), 151- 65.

91. ‘Presidential Address: “I Have Scinde”: Flogging a Dead (White Male Orientalist) Horse.’ Journal of Asian Studies 58 (4), November, 1999, 940- 60. Available online at www.jstor.org/view/00219118/di015153/01p0195c/0

92. ‘O’ Flaherty on Doniger.’ Review of Splitting the Difference. In Chicago South Asia Newsletter 23: 3 (Fall, 999), 6.

93. ‘The Ring of the Forgetful Husband in World Mythology.’ The 1999 Adams Lecture at San Diego State University.

94. ‘Gli Anelli Magici della Memoria.’ Traduzione di Vincenzo Vergiani. Adelphiana, Milan. May 30, 2001. 1- 36. (The Jane Ellison Harrison Lecture at Cambridge, May, 2000).

95. ‘Why did they burn?’ A review of three books about widow- burning, by Lata Mani, Catherine Weinberger- Thomas and Mala Sen. The Times Literary Supplement, 14 September 2001, 3- 4.

96. ‘On the Kamasutra’ in Daedalus, Spring, 2002, 126- 129.

97. ‘Transformations of Subjectivity and Memory in the Mahabharata and the Ramayana’ , in David Shulman and Guy Stroumsa, ed. Self and Self- Transformation in the History of Religions. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 57- 72.

98. ‘Shadows of the Ramayana’ , in The Epic Voice, ed. Alan D. Hodder and Ralph Meagher. New York: Praeger, 2002, 101- 128.

99. ‘A Burnt Offering.’ Review of D.N. Jha, The Myth of the Holy Cow. Times Literary Supplement 5183 (August 2, 2002), 9.

100. ‘Lost in Translation: Gender in the Kamasutra’ , in The Magazine, Oxford World Classics, Issue 5 Spring- Summer 2002, 2- 7.

101. ‘The Kamasutra: It isn’ t All about sex’ , in the Kenyon Review, vol. 24, #1, Winter, 2003, 18- 43.

102. ‘Fate (Hindu)’ and ‘Mythology (Hindu)’ in South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia. Ed. Peter Claus, Sarah Diamond, and Margaret Mills. New York: Routledge, 2002.

103. ‘Other Peoples’ Religions, Other Peoples’ Kama and Karma’ , in The Stranger’ s Religion: Fascination and Fear, ed. Anna Lanstrom. Notre Dame, Indiana. Notre Dame University Press, 2004, 79- 98.

104. ‘Going with the Flow: Why sex has to be put back into Tantra.’ Review of David Gordon White, Kiss of the Yogini. The Times Literary Supplement May 21, 2004, 3- 4.

105. Review of Ramesh Menon, The Ramayana, in Parabola, Fall, 2004,130- 134.

106. ‘Zoomorphism in Ancient India: Humans More Bestial than the Beasts’ , in Thinking With Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism. Ed. Lorraine Daston and Gregg Mitman. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005, 17- 36.

107. ‘Wake Up Calls: Some Ancient Hindu Myths.’ Parabola, 30: 1, February, 2005, 6- 10. Reprinted on pp. 212 to 221 of The Inner Journey: Views from the Hindu Tradition. Ed. Margaret H. Case. Sandpoint, IND: Morning Light Pres, 2007.

108. ‘La bisexualite dans la mythologie de l’ Inde ancienne.’ Diogene vol. 51, no. 208 (Octobre- Decembre 2004), 58- 71; ‘Bisexuality in the Mythology of Ancient India.’ Diogenes vol. 52, no. 210 (2005), 50- 60.

109. ‘Do Many Heads Necessarily Have Many Minds? Tracking the sources of Hindu Tolerance and Intolerance’ , Parabola [30: 4], Winter, 2005, 10- 19.

110.Mahabharata’ , in Encyclopedia of Erotic Literature. (London: Taylor and Francis, 2005).

111. ‘The Clever Wife in Indian Mythology’ , of Incompatible Visions: South Asian Religions in History and Culture. Essays in Honor of David M. Knipe. ed. James Blumenthal. Madison: University of Madison- Wisconsin, Center for South Asia, 2005, 185- 203.

(p.588) 112. ‘From the Translator’ s Desk: Why I Was Drawn to Ancient Indian Literature’ , Prentice Hall Literature, World Masterpieces. Penguin Edition. Boston, Massachusetts 2007, 164, 176, 181- 2.

113. ‘A Symbol in Search of an Object: The Mythology of Horses in India’ , in A Communion of Subjects: Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics. ed. Paul Waldau and Kimberley Patton. Columbia University Press, 2006, 335- 350.

114. ‘Parvati, Daughter of the Mountain’ , 77- 90, and ‘Durga, slayer of the buffalo demon’ , in Goddess: Divine Energy, ed. Jackie Menzies (Art Gallery of New South Wales: Sydney, Australia, 2006), 123- 128.

115. ‘Reading the Kamasutra: The Strange and the Familiar.’ Daedalus, Spring, 2007, 66- 78.

116. ‘Kama and the Kama Sutra’ , in Fedwa Malti- Douglas, ed. Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007.

117. ‘You Can’ t Get Here From There: The Logical Paradox of Ancient Indian Creation Myths.’ Chapter 4 (87- 102) of Imagining Creation. Ed. Markham J. Geller and Mineke Schipper, forward by Mary Douglas. E.J. Brill: Institute of Jewish Studies/Studies in Judaica, 2008.

118. ‘India’ s Epic [the Mahabharata].’ For ‘The Fifty Greatest Books’ series of The Globe and Mail, Toronto. 13 September 2008.

119. ‘Special Report: If the woman is not radiant, she does not stimulate the man.’ Sunday Times of India, New Delhi, 8 February 2009, 8.

120. ‘Valentine’ s Day in India.’ Sightings, University of Chicago, 14 February 2009.

121. ‘The Forest- Dweller.’ For Aging Horizons Bulletin, 28 February 2009.

122. ‘Two Passages to India’ , in A Narrative Compass: Stories that Guide Women’ s Lives. Ed. Betsy Hearne, University of Illinois Press, 2009, 47- 54.

123. ‘The Battle over Hindu History.’ On Faith blog, The Washington Post, 19 March 2009. http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/onfaith/panelists/wendy_doniger/2009/03/the_battle_over_hindu_history.html

124. ‘An Alternative Historiography for Hinduism.’ The Journal of Hindu Studies 2009 2: 17- 26.

125. ‘Seek justice, only if you deserve it.’ Sunday Times of India, 26 July 2009.

126. ‘Politics of Hinduism: Why the Gods Can’ t Fail’ , in India Today, 15 August 2009 (Independence Day Special).

127. ‘How to Escape the Curse.’ Review of John Smith, The Mahabharata, for the London Review of Books, 8 October 2009.

128. ‘The History of Ekalavya’ , in Tarikh: The History Journal, 2008- 9. Special Issue on Myth and History, 34- 36. St. Stephens, Delhi.

129. ‘The Mythology of the Kamasutra’ , in The Anthropologist and the Native: Essays for Gananath Obeyesekere, ed. H.L. Seneviratne. pp. 293- 316. Firenze: Societa Editrice Florentina; Delhi, Manohar, 2009.

130. ‘Dogs as Dalits in Indian Literature’ , in Antike Mythen: Medien, Transformationen und Konstruktionen. Eds. Ueli Dill and Christine Walde. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009, 391- 405,

131. ‘India’ s Sacred Extremes.’ Review of William Dalrymple, Nine Lives. In the Times Literary Supplement, 6 January 2010. http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/the_tls/article6977681.ece?&EMC-Bltn=NJXA32F. Reprinted in International Journal on Humanistic Ideology: Studies into the Nature and Origin of Humanistic Ideas, vol. 4, no. 1, Spring- Summer 2011, 143- 151.

132. ‘The Uses and Misuses of Polytheism and Monotheism in Hinduism.’ Religion and Culture Web Forum, The University of Chicago Divinity School, January 2010. http: // divinity.uchicago.edu/martycenter/publications/webforum/012010/monotheism

133. ‘Suttee: Self-Sacrifice or Murder?’ , in BBC History Magazine online. October 2010. http://www.bbchistorymagazine.com/oup

(p.589) 134. ‘Is Yoga a Form of Hinduism? Is Hinduism a Form of Yoga?’ Sightings 12/30/2010 divsightings@gmail.com. Reprinted in The Christian Post, 12/30/2010, http://www.christianpost.com/article/20101230/is-yoga-a-form-of-hinduism-is-hinduism-a-form-of-yoga/

135. ‘Preface’ (pp. vii to xviii), to Songs of Kabir, translated by Arvind Krishna Mehrotra. New York: New York Review of Books, 2011.

135. ‘Assume the Position: The Real Roots of Yoga.’ Review of Mark Singleton, Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice. The Times Literary Supplement, 4 March 2011.

136. ‘From Kama to Karma: The Resurgence of Puritanism in Contemporary India’ , in Social Research, India’ s World, vol. 78, no. 1, Spring 2011, eds. Arien Mack and Arjun Appadurai, 49- 74. Reprinted as pp.47- 70 of India’ s World: The Politics of Creativity in a Globalized Society (New Delhi: Raintree, 2012).

137. ‘God’ s Body, Or, The Lingam Made Flesh: Conflicts over the Representation of the Sexual Body of the Hindu God Shiva’ , in Social Research, The Body and the State, Vol. 78: No. 2: Summer 2011, 485- 508.

138. ‘One Man’ s Many Lives in a God- Like Unknowing.’ Review of Arshia Sattar, Lost Loves: Exploring Rama’ s Anguish, in Outlook India, 4 September 2011.

139. ‘The Shadow Sita’ , in Journal of Vaishnava Studies (Vol. 20, No. 1, Fall 2011), 103- 122.

140. ‘The forest- dweller stage of life’ , pp. 906- 7 of Harvard and Radcliffe Classes of 1962, fiftieth anniversary report, Cambridge: MA, 2012. Reprinted, as one of 2 selected from the Radcliffe entries, in The Best Reports of 2012 (Harvard Class Report Office, 2012), 87- 89.