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Food Security in the Middle East$
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Zahra Babar and Suzi Mirgani

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199361786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199361786.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 August 2021

An Economic Analysis of National Food Sovereignty Policies in the Middle East

An Economic Analysis of National Food Sovereignty Policies in the Middle East

The Case Of Lebanon And Jordan

(p.39) 3 An Economic Analysis of National Food Sovereignty Policies in the Middle East
Food Security in the Middle East

Jane Harrigan

Oxford University Press

Increased food imports to the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) have been stimulated by population growth and changing consumption patterns. International organisations involved in MENA have advocated a food security strategy that relies upon diversification away from agriculture towards manufacturing exports, with the resulting foreign exchange used to import food. This research assesses the economic implications of increasing domestic food production in Lebanon and Jordan. It examines the debate between advocates of greater reliance on domestic food production and those who advocate a predominately trade-based food security strategy heavily dependent on food imports. This chapter assesses the food security status of Lebanon and Jordan using different indicators, including Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). It analyses both countries’ patterns of international trade in agricultural commodities to assess the extent to which international trade, as opposed to domestic food production, is used to achieve food security at the national aggregate level.

Keywords:   domestic food production, food imports, Middle East, North Africa, Lebanon, Jordan, Revealed Comparative Advantage, Policy Analysis Matrix, food security

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