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Food Security in the Middle East$
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Zahra Babar and Suzi Mirgani

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199361786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199361786.001.0001

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Food Security and the Supermarket Transition in the Middle East

Food Security and the Supermarket Transition in the Middle East

Two Case Studies

(p.185) 8 Food Security and the Supermarket Transition in the Middle East
Food Security in the Middle East

Karin Seyfert

Jad Chaaban

Hala Ghattas

Oxford University Press

Over the past decade, developing countries have witnessed two food system transitions affecting their food security. The first, known as the ‘nutrition transition’, is a shift from so-called ‘traditional diets’ — based on the consumption of foods high in fibre such as cereals, legumes, fruit and vegetables — to so-called ‘modern’ diets — which feature larger proportions of saturated fats, sugar and processed foods. This dietary shift has been facilitated by the second transition, in food procurement, known as the ‘supermarket transition’ or the ‘third food regime’. This chapter focuses on changes in national procurement channels in two case study countries of Lebanon and Qatar. The supermarket transition involves a shift from food production and processing in small units — whose output is sold to small retailers at wholesale spot markets — to larger retail outlets trading with dedicated or contracted specialised wholesalers and food producers.

Keywords:   nutrition transition, traditional diets, modern diets, dietary shift, supermarket transition, third food regime, Lebanon, Qatar, retailers, wholesalers

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