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Never Wholly OtherA Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism$
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Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199362783

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362783.001.0001

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Self and Other in Historical Islamic Discourse

Self and Other in Historical Islamic Discourse

(p.17) 1 Self and Other in Historical Islamic Discourse
Never Wholly Other

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines various genres of the historical Islamic discourse on religious difference—including the apologetic, polemical, exegetical, juridical, and Sufi—in an effort to highlight the complex and diverse processes of self-identification, boundary creation, and Othering that are woven throughout Islamic history. In these diverse genres, this chapter highlights a number of recurring themes, including the role of divine ontology (e.g., divine oneness and mercy) in assessing the human Other; the depiction of created anthropology (e.g., the status of humans without revelation and the purpose of humanity); the relationship between various revelations and prophets (e.g., issues of taḥrīf, supersession, completion, and the necessity of affirming Muḥammad); and the legal and soteriological explication of Qurʾānic categories (e.g., definition of threshold criteria and internal composition of categories such as īmān, islām, and kufr).

Keywords:   Historical Islamic discourse, Religious difference, Polemical, Apologetical, Taḥrīf, Supersession, Threshold criteria, Soteriological, Sufi

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