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Never Wholly OtherA Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism$
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Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199362783

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362783.001.0001

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Relational Mapping of the Semantic Field of Taqwā

Relational Mapping of the Semantic Field of Taqwā

Concepts of Hierarchical Religious Difference

(p.182) 7 Relational Mapping of the Semantic Field of Taqwā
Never Wholly Other

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the Qurʾānic genre of hierarchical religious difference—that is, the semantic field of taqwā—in greater detail. It explores the concepts of īmān (“belief”), islām (“submission, devotion”), ḥanīf (commonly translated as “nondenominational monotheist”), kufr (“disbelief”), shirk (“ascribing partners to God”), and nifāq (“hypocrisy”) in reference to three taqwā-related themes: recognition of and attitude toward God; response to God’s guidance; and type and nature of actions. In relation to each theme, essential characteristics of the concepts and the interconnections among them are illuminated. Based on this exploration, this chapter presents the Qurʾānic discourse on hierarchical religious difference as being characterized by dynamism, ambiguous boundaries, and relational complexity.

Keywords:   Qurʾān, Hierarchical religious difference, Taqwā, Īmān, Islām, ḥanīf, Kufr, Shirk, Nifāq, Complexity

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