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Advancing Electoral Integrity$
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Pippa Norris, Richard W. Frank, and Ferran Martinez i Coma

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199368709

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368709.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 April 2021

Election Monitoring

Election Monitoring

The Implications of Multiple Monitors for Electoral Integrity

(p.73) 5 Election Monitoring
Advancing Electoral Integrity

Ursula Daxecker

Gerald Schneider

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how regimes respond strategically to election monitoring. In particular, it argues that regimes facing high risks of being accused of election fraud and malpractice are likely to invite a range of monitoring observer organizations to evaluate the quality of their elections. If both negative and positive evaluation reports are published after the event, this mixed message helps to deflect international and domestic criticism. The tendency of trying to offset a possibly negative report through a more supportive one is expected to be particularly pronounced in institutionally weak, corrupt, and economically dependent countries. In addition, the chapter predicts that incumbents who invite the right combination of monitors are less likely to face post-election unrest at home. One implication arising from this study is that scholars should be cautious about overreliance on observer reports as a source of independent and reliable information about electoral integrity, since the diversity of monitoring organizations today means that evaluations differ systematically.

Keywords:   election monitoring, post-election unrest, electoral integrity, evaluations

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