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Fighting FundamentalistCarl McIntire and the Politicization of American Fundamentalism$
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Markku Ruotsila

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199372997

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372997.001.0001

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Massive Resistance

Massive Resistance

Struggles for Civil Rights

(p.141) 6 Massive Resistance
Fighting Fundamentalist

Markku Ruotsila

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates the role that McIntire played in debates over proposed civil rights legislation from the Brown decision of 1954 to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. McIntire’s own and his associates’ racial thought is examined in detail and contextualized with recent scholaship on the theologizing of race. The chapter shows that while not without racial prejudices, McIntire’s position on race was more nuanced than many contemporaries recognized and his organizations racially integrated long before legal desegregation. His public support for segregationists legitimated and helped prolong their resistance, but constituted only a minor aspect in his broader resistance to modern political and theological liberalism. This resistance is examined as it unfolded in McIntire’s faith-based critiques of President Kennedy’s foreign policy and in his polemics about the Kennedy and Johnson administrations’ alleged repression of the fundamentalists’ civil rights.

Keywords:   fundamentalism, evangelicalism, segregationism, desegregation, civil rights, massive resistance, anti-Catholicism, public education

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